This case deals with the amount that individuals can contribute to a political campaign, and the amount that political figures can receive. The Federal Election Commission is the agency who administers the act.
By limiting the amount of money one could contribute and other could receive for a political campaign does that violate Free Speech from the First Amendment?
In this case each Justice wrote their own opinion on this matter many agreeing with parts and dissenting in others. The overall decision went as follows; Congress may engage in public financing of campaigns and may condition the acceptance of public funds on an agreement by the political candidate to follow specific expenditure limitations.